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47 智森 | Arthur R .Jensen

47 智森 | Arthur R .Jensen

智森(Aug-24 1923~Oct-22 2012 )
美國教育心理學家,曾師從H. J. 艾森克,受艾森克人格研究中定量的和實驗的方法的影響很大。他主要研究了個體學習的差異,尤其是文化、發展和遺傳對智力和學習的影響。
-B.A., UC-Berkeley, 1945
-M.A., San Diego State University, 1952
-Ph.D., Columbia University, 1956
-Major proponent of hereditarian position, believing that 80% of intelligence is based on heredity, and 20% on environment
-Controversial essay in 1969 on genetic heritage published in the Harvard Educational Review stated a position that differences in intelligence tests between American blacks and whites were attributable to heredity rather than environment, and therefore not amenable to change

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